Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is defined as illness caused by a novel coronavirus now called severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2; formerly called 2019-nCoV), which was first identified amid an outbreak of respiratory illness cases in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China. It was initially reported to the WHO on December 31, 2019. On January 30, 2020, the WHO declared the COVID-19 outbreak a global health emergency. On March 11, 2020, the WHO declared COVID-19 a global pandemic, its first such designation since declaring H1N1 influenza a pandemic in 2009.
Illness caused by SARS-CoV-2 was recently termed COVID-19 by the WHO, the new acronym derived from “coronavirus disease 2019. ” The name was chosen to avoid stigmatising the virus’
What Is Coronavirus (COVID-19)?
At the end of 2019, a new type of coronavirus began making people sick with flu-like symptoms. The illness is called coronavirus disease-19 — COVID-19, for short. The virus spreads easily and has now affected people in many countries.
What Are the Signs & Symptoms of Coronavirus (COVID-19)?
COVID-19 causes a fever, cough, and trouble breathing. Some people might have:
- a sore throat
- repeated shaking with chills
- muscle pain
- a loss of taste or smell
The virus can be more serious in some people.
How Does Coronavirus (COVID-19) Spread?
People can catch coronavirus from others who have the virus. This happens when an infected person sneezes or coughs, sending tiny droplets into the air. These can land in the nose, mouth, or eyes of someone nearby, or be breathed in.
People also can get infected if they touch an infected droplet on a surface and then touch their own nose, mouth, or eyes.
Experts are looking at whether the virus can spread through stool (poop).
Is Coronavirus (COVID-19) Dangerous to Children?
Experts are still learning about COVID-19. There are far fewer cases of the virus reported in children. Most of them caught the infection from someone they lived with or a family member. The virus seems to usually cause a milder infection in children than in adults or older people.
Call your doctor if your child or someone in your family has a fever, cough, or other flu-like symptoms. Tell the doctor if they have been near someone with COVID-19 or lived in or traveled to an area where lots of people have the coronavirus.
Make sure your children have all their vaccinations. Protect them against illnesses like measles and the flu. This helps keep them out of the doctor’s office or hospital where they could be around other germs, including COVID-19. Plus, kids who have another infection may have a harder time getting better if they do get COVID-19.
How Is Coronavirus (COVID-19) Treated?
Most people with COVID-19, including children, do not have serious problems. They usually get better with rest and fluids. But it is important to keep kids with COVID-19 away from others who may have a harder time with the virus.
People who are very ill get care in a hospital with breathing help, IV fluids, and other treatments.
How Can I Protect Myself From Coronavirus (COVID-19)?
To protect yourself and your family:
- Keep your family home and away from others as much as possible.
- Avoid other people, especially those who are sick, and busy places until the outbreak is under control. Remember, COVID-19 can spread before a person has symptoms and even when someone has no symptoms.
- If you need to go out, cloth face masks on adults and kids over 2 years old can help slow the spread of the virus:
- Do not use a face mask meant for a health care worker because they’re needed in hospitals and doctor’s offices.
- To see how to put on and remove masks, clean them, or make your own cloth mask, check the CDC’s guide.
- Try to stay at least 6 feet (2 meters) away from other people.
- Wash your hands well and often. Wash for at least 20 seconds with soap and water or use hand sanitiser with at least 60% alcohol. Teach your kids to do the same.
- Try not to touch your eyes, nose, or mouth.
- Use a household cleaner or wipe to clean and disinfect surfaces and objects that people touch a lot.
- Follow recommendations from your local health authority, especially if there are people with coronavirus in your area.
Experts around the world are studying and tracking COVID-19 and are learning how to keep it from spreading. You can visit our Coronavirus FAQs for more questions & answers. And our live update page for Coronavirus Graph.
Where Can I Learn More About Coronavirus (COVID-19)?
Check the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and World Health Organization (WHO) websites for up-to-date, reliable information about coronavirus.
Courtesy By : https://kidshealth.org/
Reviewed by: Karen A. Ravin, MD